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by xfabre last modified 20-06-2007 14:01


ARVALIS Institut du Végétal (ARVALIS - CO01)

ARVALIS - Institut du végétal is in charge of Applied Research in France on cereals, maize, pulses, potatoes and forage crops. This Technical Institute is run and financed by farmers. It exists since 1959 and has been growing to reach now 400 staffs.
The activities performed by ARVALIS - Institut du végétal include: sustainable crop management (crop rotation, soil cultivation, varieties, fertilization, crop protection - weeds, diseases, pests- post harvest field management), protection of the environment, precision farming, remote sensing, satellite images, geographic information systems (GIS), biotechnology, statistics applied to agronomical studies, farm economics (production costs, margins…), sustainable cropping systems, farm equipment, qualities and end uses (storage, preservation, human food, animal feed.), safety quality, quality assurance, traceability…
The most important research programs carried out by ARVALIS - Institut du végétal give rise to numerous contacts with Research Stations in France (INRA, Cémagref …) and abroad to encourage a synergy of all competencies. Such collaborations range from regular exchanges between specialists to a common involvement in research programs, some of which are public funded (French government or the EU).
The transfer of the results of research towards farmers and advisors is essential and is implemented by different means: "Perspectives Agricoles", a monthly publication, training, meetings, field days, brochures, online information including decision support software.

ARVALIS - Institut du végétal has been preoccupied with WCR problematic for the last five years. Several actions have been run as: Participation to the national Diabrotica monitoring plan (set up by the French ministry of agriculture), achievement of information
forms concerning corn root worm, research on chemical and agronomical control means, organization of an international symposium on Diabrotica (Colmar - France - 02/02/2004), organization and participation to foreign study missions (USA, Hungary,…)…
Furthermore, ARVALIS - Institut du végétal is a consultant of the European Confederation of Maize Producers (CEPM) for technical subjects on Diabrotica.


Georg-August-Universität Göttingen (UNIGIPP - CS2)

The Institute of Plant Pathology and Plant Protection (UNIGIPP) at Georg-August-University in Goettingen has a long standing experience in work with crop pests and crop pest management. The institute has been co-coordinating the FP5 project "Threat to European maize production by the invasive quarantine pest, Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera): a new sustainable crop management approach" (QLK5-1999-01110) and is one of the few research institutes in Germany actually working on several issues related to the ecology of Western Corn Rootworms, using quarantine laboratories. Especially, we are interested to understand the feeding ecology of WCR, and the interactions with microorganisms colonizing the roots of maize plants to identify potential sources of induce plant resistance.
UNIGIPP has recently edited a book, together with CABI Bioscience Switzerland Centre and Purdue University, Indiana, USA entitled "Western Corn Rootworm: Ecology and Management" with one main chapter written by a postdoc of our group on feeding ecology of WCR.


Università degli Studi di Padova (UNIVPAD - P03)

The Università degli Studi di Padova is one of the oldest Italian and European Universities. It is public, under national control. It is very active both in educational and research activities. Teaching and research concern both humanistic and scientific fields. Currently the number of employees is over 3000 people including Professors and technical and administrative personnel.
The Dipartimento di Agronomia Ambientale e Produzioni Vegetali (Department of Agronomy) including the Group of Entomology involved in Diabrotica projects, is one of the Departments of the Agricultural Faculty of the University. Currently it has 65 employees including Professors and technical and administrative personnel.
Previous projects on Diabrotica: EU project - Vth Framework Programme Diabrotica n° QLK5-1999-01110 (2000-2003). Title: Threat to European maize production by the invasive quarantine pest, Western Corn Rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera):a new sustainable

crop management approach (Euro 118.000,00). Veneto Region Projects: 2003 . Programmi di intervento per la lotta contro la diabrotica (euro 15.000). 2004: Programma di intervento per la lotta contro diabrotica - Strategie di contenimento ed eradicazione (euro 20.000)


CAB International (CABI - P04)

CAB International (CABI) is an intergovernmental not-for-profit organization. Over 40 national states are members of CABI. Its headquarters are in the UK, and it has over 300 staff working in centers in six countries, including the CABI Bioscience Switzerland Centre, which

will lead CABI's inputs in this project. The organization provides research and information services in the applied life sciences, through its two divisions: CABI Bioscience and CABI Publishing. The organization carries out research projects including Biological Control and Integrated Pest Management (IPM), but also conducts training courses, and provides information services (e. g. CAB Abstracts). Apart from CABI Bioscience, there are no European research institutions specialized in biological control of invasive alien insects and weeds. The Switzerland Centre has been carrying out arthropod biological control research since 1949, and has quarantine facilities for study of Diabrotica v. virgifera and its natural enemies. Under the EU project DIABROTICA QLK5-CT-1999-01110, CABI was responsible for the Workpackage on biological control of Diabrotica. In addition, CABI Bioscience is involved in a recently established CTI project in Switzerland to develop biological control products against Diabrotica in Europe. CABI Publishing has just published a book entitled "Western Corn Rootworm: Ecology and Management" with three book chapters written by CABI Bioscience experts.



Praktijkonderzoek Plant & Omgeving B.V. (PPO - P05)

PPO operates in the complete chain of plant-related production and its immediate environment. Applied research is the bridge between practice and science, supplying a unique product: translation of scientific developments to directly applicable innovations. PPO is equipped for efficient and flexible research in all types of crops on a wide variety of subjects, focusing on agricultural production and its immediate environment. Modern glasshouses, conditioned storage and treatment facilities, experimental fields (600 ha) at various locations, laboratories and climate chambers. The yearly turnover of PPO is 45 million euro with a staff of 700.
In the research group "Protection of arable crops and vegetables against insect- and slug pests" which is a part of the Business Unit "Arable farming and field vegetables (formerly Research Station for arable farming and field production of vegetables (PAGV) 10 professionals carry out research concentrated on pests in potatoes (wireworm, click beetle, aphids and slugs), oil seed rape (slugs), grass seed production (leatherjackets, wireworms), cereals (aphids, wireworm, click beetle, wheat bulb fly, slugs), maize ( wireworm, WCR) and vegetables (carrot root fly, thrips, cabbage root fly, aphids, onion fly). At present, the research on WCR (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera) concentrates on (1) chemical control by seed coating with insecticides, to protect the roots and the seedling of the maize plants against the larvae in the first two months after sowing the seeds. (2) developing screening methods of chemicals and entomophagic nematodes in a greenhouse (3) testing biological products, which are used as an anti-feedant or repellent (4)entomophage nematodes as a biological agent applied, as a row application should be tested. This could be interested by organic farmers.
The scientific team at PPO has extensive experience/knowledge in:
  • Development of seed coating techniques with insecticides and development of screening chemicals and entomophage nematodes. For integrated farming (A. Ester)
  • Glasshouse evaluation of WCR larvae for maize in quarantine conditions (K. van Rozen, A.Ester)
  • Insecticide efficacy characteristics and application techniques (A. Ester).


Szent Istvan Egyetem (SZIE - P06)

The Department of Plant Protection belongs to the Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences at the Szent Istvan University Godollo in Hungary. The University (covering broad range of rural development related sciences from natural resources through agricultural production to landscape management and rural economics and social sciences) is the largest one of this kind in Hungary.
Beside education duties, the Department of Plant Protection of Szent István University (SZIE DPP) has actively been involved/leading research on development projects related to IPM or specific tasks in phytopathology, entomology and weed management of arable crops (maize, sunflower, wheat), vegetables and horticultural plants.
It was the coordinating centre of the FAO TCP 6712A project on the development and implementation of containment and control measures of Diabrotica in Europe (1997-1999). Under the EU project DIABROTICA QLK5-CT-1999-01110, SZIE DPP was responsible for the Workpackage on crop rotation studies for Diabrotica. Related to maize, SZIE DPP was Principal Contractor under another EU project (QLK3-CT-2000-00547) and carried out research on the impact of Bt maize on non-target arthropods in the field. Until recently, SZIE DPP hosted MC Fellow (Cat. 30) for analyzing the quarantine risks of the invasive Diabrotica (QLK5-CT-2002-51515). SZIE DPP coordinates ongoing UN FAO Project No.: FAO GTFS/RER/017/ITA on "Integrated Pest Management for Western Corn Rootworm in Central and Eastern Europe" involving seven Central European countries.

Wageningen Universiteit (WU - P07)
The Wageningen University and Research Center ( is the leading research institutions in the Netherlands covering all aspects related to Agriculture and the up- and downstream sector. The research and education activities of Wageningen UR focus on ensuring reliable supplies of safe, high-quality food while maintaining the biodiversity of natural habitats and conserving natural resources.
The Environmental Economics and Natural Resource Group ( has a longstanding experience on managing large scale research programs

combining agriculture, the environment and the economy. Currently the Environmental Economics and Natural Resource Group is involved in more than 10 interdisciplinary research projects ranging from the impact of global warming policies on acidification to the evaluation of biodiversity. There are seven principle scientists and seven PhdD-students involved in the projects.


Institut National de Recherche Agronomique (INRA P08)

The "Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique" is one of the most important research institutes dedicated to agriculture in the world. This public organization was created in 1946 to achieve food production autonomy after the Second World War. About 8600 employees work at the INRA in all the scientific fields related to agriculture, food and the environment: economy, sociology, biology, animal health, statistics, and computer sciences. The introduction of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera in France in 2002 leads the INRA to react promptly. It created a team together with the French Plant Protection Office to develop a research program on the ecology, population dynamics and population genetics of Diabrotica virgifera virgifera. This research program called "Management of invasive populations of the western corn rootworm Diabrotica virgifera virgifera in France and in Europe" started in 2003.


Station de recherche Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil ACW (ACW - P09)

Station de recherche Agroscope Changins-Wädenswil ACWis a federal agricultural research station employing more than 200 people and covering all fields of applied research, pesticide registration and plant quarantine. Plant protection of arable crops against insect pests and coordination of monitoring and control activities of quarantine pests are among its main tasks.

Csongrád megyei Növény- és Talajvédelmi Szolgálat (LBC - P10)

Plant Protection and Soil Conservation Service of County Csongrád is one of the 19 county Services of the Hungarian governmental plant protection network. The PPSCS-Csongrád has altogether 74 employees: 49 graduated university level, 22 GCE and 3 primary school educated. PPSCS-Csongrád is responsible for the phytosanitary and soil conservation situation in the county by inspectors (14) specialized in plant protection and soil sciences experts (4). The Service operates two border inspection points (BIP) at the Romanian and Serbian border (11 inspectors); pest diagnostic laboratory (4 plant protection engineers), pesticide residue analytical laboratory (3 chemists) and the national level authorized Laboratory for Biological Control and Quarantine Methodology (LBCQM).
6 engineer-experts at LBCQM deal with development of pest management programs and their adaptation for Hungarian conditions, as well as working out pest management programs imposing less risk to consumers and environment, both in the field and greenhouse; development quarantine diagnostic test methods for surveying and detecting quarantine pests; performing phytosanitary diagnostics on the field of entomology, microbiology, nematology and virology.


Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry (BBA - P11)

The Federal Biological Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry (BBA) is an independent superior Federal authority and research institution in the operation sector of the Federal Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and Agriculture (BMVEL). Its legal activities rest on the Plant Protection Act, the Gene Technology Act and their legal regulations. Its main task is to advise the German Federal Government and the Federal Ministry concerning issues of plant protection, plant health and biological safety. Its tasks are to protect plants and plant products against parasitic and non-parasitic risk factors and restrictions. At the same time, it must avert dangers that may arise from plant protection procedures to the human health, animals and the ecosystem, the evaluation of plant protection equipment and research on biological safety. Thus, the BBA makes a socio-political contribution to a sustainable protection of the cultural landscape and human life quality.

Poljoprivredni fakultet u Osijeku (PFOS - P12)

The Faculty of Agriculture of Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek was founded in 1960. Today it is one of the two leading higher education institutions in the field of agriculture in the Republic of Croatia, occupying an important position within the country's educational, scientific and research system. Over the past 45 years, more than 3000 graduates have been awarded their degrees by this Faculty. Organization employs a total of 170 staff in the field of Agronomy.
Projects relevant for Diabrotica are carried out at the Department for Plant Protection, which employs 20 experts. Since 1995, 4 experts and 1 technician are dealing with Diabrotica. Many of the scientific projects were supported by the Ministry of Science, Education and Sport and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Water Management. There are also several international projects.


Association Générale des Producteurs de Maïs (AGPM - P13)

The European Confederation of maize producers (CEPM) represents the agricultural professional and inter profesional organizations representative in member states of the European Union. Its aim is to represent and to defend the interests of maize sectors. The CEPM brings together maize producers from Germany, Spain, France, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia and representatives from European maize committee, technical group on forage maize which brings together the countries of the North of Europe (Belgium, Denmark, Netherlands, Great Britain, Ireland, France, Germany).
The objective of the CEPM is to coordinate members' actions and their representation in the farmers and public organizations of member states and at the international and European level as follows:
  • in the economical field : development of production and protection interests of maize sectors by increasing production, competitiveness and outlets.
  • in the research and development fields : initiation of any action concerning technical subjects with an economical impact on the maize sectors and firms.
The CEPM thinks that it is essential to coordinate the fight against Diabrotica all over Europe and to make sure that all efforts are made together. Nevertheless the measures that will be applied must be economically feasible by the farmers.
The European maize producers are ready to fight the disastrous threat that this insect poses for their crops.
The level of the threat and the large number of unanswered questions ensure that Diabrotica will be one of the major preoccupation of the CEPM in the months and years to come.
The CEPM has delegated the AGPM (the French General Association of Maize Producers), one of his member, to carry out this work on Diabrotica in the DIABR-ACT project. The AGPM is a trade-union structure which represents and defends the interests of French maize producers. Some 200 000 maize growers belong to the association which is involved in political and technical aspects of grain, forage, seed and sweet maize.

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